Benign Jaw Tumour is a slowly growing swelling that expands within cells, tissues or organs. These swellings/tumours are locally invasive, non metastasis (non cancerous) but in very rare cases have a likelihood of progressively becoming malignant (cancerous) if not treated on time.
They are caused by a malfunction in the growth pathway and are either orthodontic or non-orthodontic tumours. More so, these tumours are common among patients within the 3rd and 6th decade of life, but rarely found in children.
Though the causes of benign jaw tumours are essentially unknown, they are traceable to predisposing factors, poor oral hygiene, tobacco use – smoking, snuffing, chewing, environmental factors – pollution, Irradiation etc, habits , heavy alcoholic use with element of Vitamin B deficiency.
Early symptoms associated with Benign Jaw tumours are: Painless swelling, slow growing – massive jaw bone expansion, loose teeth, nasal symptoms, edentulous patient – denture does not fit, denture hyperplasia and numbness of the upper or lower lip.
When benign jaw tumours are not treated in its early stages can result in: pain due to secondary infection or nerve involvement, excessive salivation, mouth odour, teeth displacement, difficulty in deglutition, difficulty in speech, haemorrhage – tumour, nose amongst others.
Treatment depending majorly on the presentation of the tumours and are in three forms: surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Benign Jaw Tumour as an intriguing disease is not only an unpleasant sight to behold due to its nature of presentation but can do grievous damage to the mouth, jaw and face of a sufferer and has the tendency to become malignant if not treated early. Therefore, it is imperative that people should go for regular oral health check up at least once a year and where there is any suspicion or feeling of one or more of the symptoms outlined above, early treatment should be sought.